|The François Duchêne Bursaries |
The Bursaries set up in memory of François Duchêne aim to provide a contribution to travel and research expenses for Research Students of the University of Sussex in any discipline to:
This bursary has been set up with funding from Sussex European Institute, friends of François Duchêne and from members of the Sussex branch of the European Movement. It is administered by the Sussex European Institute.
|Giuseppe De Marco |
DPhil in theoretical Chemistry
(October 2007-January 2011)
|Results of my studies at Sussex: |
A theoretical model was developed to explain nucleic acids mechanisms used in the cell to regulate gene expression.
François Duchêne Bursary:
I would like to thank the generosity of the François Duchêne Bursary which funded my research travels, giving me the opportunity to start a very fruitful collaboration with doctor Jean-Louis Leroy at the CNRS in Paris.
The aim of this collaboration was to apply experimental procedures in order to confirm the theoretical results of my studies at Sussex. During my visit in Paris several experiments, using different techniques (Nuclear Magnetic Resonances; Chromatography), were performed. These experiments were very helpful to complement the theoretical model and we hope to include them in a future paper.
I would like to note that thanks to this collaboration I had the possibility to work with a great scientist in the field. This represented a valuable opportunity to develop new research skills and to complete my DPhil project in a truly interdisciplinary and international fashion.
|The awards for 2010 |
Reports were received from two of the 2010 award holders and the work they had undertaken with the help of the François Duchêne bursaries.
|Report from John FitzGibbon|
|Thanks to the generosity of the Sussex European Movement I was able to spend ten days in Copenhagen conducting interviews and engaging in other forms of primary research for my DPhil dissertation. The subject of my study is Eurosceptic Protest Movements in Denmark, Estonia, Ireland and the UK. Denmark is a particularly interesting country to use for a comparative analysis into aspects of Euroscepticism as it has long been identified as a hot bed of opposition to European integration for many years. |
The bursary enabled me firstly to fly to Copenhagen and provided for accommodation and living expenses. I spent three days with the People’s Movement No to the EU in their offices, interviewing officials, their MEP Søren Søndergaard, and examining their materials such as pamphlets, posters, policy position papers the majority of which were in English. For another two days I interviewed members of the June Movement who had just disbanded itself after failing to secure a seat in the European Parliamentary elections. This was very interesting as members had come from all over Denmark to attend the final meeting and I was able to interview many individuals who had been actively involved in opposing European integration from the late 1960s on. Two further days were spent in the Danish parliament, the Folketinget, where I interviewed former minister for Foreign Affairs Mogens Lykketoft, former leader of the Socialist Peoples’ Party (SPP) Holger K. Nielsen, SPP MEP Margrete Auken, and Dr. Catherina Sørensen an advisor on European policy to the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In other days I interviewed academics, journalists and spent time at the Centre for European Studies at the University of Copenhagen reviewing their electoral data.
Spending time in Copenhagen was extremely worthwhile for my research. Beyond giving me the opportunity to meet people and review important documents it allowed me to get a feel for Denmark and how exactly opposition to the EU there is different from that of other countries. Parallels are often drawn between Denmark and the UK in relation to their EU positions as both have opted out of key EU policies. My research led me to the conclusion that such parallels have been very true in the past but that they have taken a different turn more recently. In the past Denmark was wary of deeper involvement in European integration as pressure groups (the Peoples’ Movement) were active and influential in the Social Democratic (SD) party and took votes during EP elections. In the early 2000s however the SD leadership became tired of the influence of the Eurosceptics and wanted to become more explicitly pro-European. They directly challenged the Eurosceptics in the party by securing a strong majority of party membership support for a pro-EU policy position. It is interesting to contrast this to the Conservative and Labour parties in the UK who have dropped the EU as an issue and allowed Eurosceptics within their ranks to dictate their policy on Europe. Denmark will soon hold a referendum on EMU membership while the UK is drifting further away from the EU mainstream. My research leads me to conclude that looking at internal party dynamics and the influence of non-party actors on party positions on Europe can help us to understand why states withdraw from involvement in some aspects of European integration.